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Machines Are Taking Over – Are We Ready?: Law and Artificial Intelligence

Katrin Nyman Metcalf & Tanel Kerikmäe

(2021) 33 SAcLJ 24

Artificial intelligence (“AI”) has consequences for practical legal matters like liability, procedure and similar, and for philosophical and ethical questions: is it always suitable to use AI, how to deal with consequences for human rights? This article presents practical examples from Estonia, which is beginning to include AI in legislation, and discuss what questions should be asked when creating and implementing AI law. Some legislation can quite easily be adapted but sometimes a new way of thinking may be needed. This is not primarily a legal question, but lawyers need to contribute in order to highlight challenges and suggest solutions.